如何在Linux系统下实现Apache与Tomcat整合

2009-05-19 15:26:54  来源:网页教学网 

WebjxCom友情提示: 1、准备,下载需要的文件。这里假定你已经正确安装配置好了JDK。到Apache官方网站下载所需要的文件:httpd-2.2.0.tar.gz

  1、准备,下载需要的文件。这里假定你已经正确安装配置好了JDK。

  到Apache官方网站下载所需要的文件:httpd-2.2.0.tar.gz

  apache-tomcat-5.5.12.tar.gz

  jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.15-src.tar.gz

  其中httpd和jakarta-tomcat-connectors为源码包,apache-tomcat为二进制包。

  2、安装Apache。# tar xzvf httpd-2.2.0.tar.gz

  # cd httpd-2.2.0

  # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 --enable-so

  # make

  # make install

  3、安装Tomcat。# cp apache-tomcat-5.5.12.tar.gz /usr/local/

  # cd /usr/local

  # tar xzvf apache-tomcat-5.5.12.tar.gz

  # ln -s apache-tomcat-5.5.12 tomcat

  4、编译生成mod_jk。# tar xzvf jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.15-src.tar.gz

  # cd jakarta-tomcat-connectors-1.2.15-src/jk/native

  # ./configure --with-apxs=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs

  # make

  # cp ./apache-2.0/mod_jk.so /usr/local/apache2/modules/

  5、配置。

  在/usr/local/apache2/conf/下面建立两个配置文件mod_jk.conf和workers.properties。

  # vi mod_jk.conf

  添加以下内容:

  # 指出mod_jk模块工作所需要的工作文件workers.properties的位置

  JkWorkersFile /usr/local/apache2/conf/workers.properties

  # Where to put jk logs

  JkLogFile /usr/local/apache2/logs/mod_jk.log

  # Set the jk log level [debug/error/info]

  JkLogLevel info

  # Select the log format

  JkLogStampFormat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y]"

  # JkOptions indicate to send SSL KEY SIZE,

  JkOptions+ForwardKeySize +ForwardURICompat -ForwardDirectories

  # JkRequestLogFormat set the request format

  JkRequestLogFormat "%w %V %T"

  # 将所有servlet 和jsp请求通过ajp13的协议送给Tomcat,让Tomcat来处理

  JkMount /servlet/*worker1

  JkMount /*.jsp worker1JkMount *.action Worker1JkMount *.do Worker1

  # vi workers.properties

  添加以下内容:

  # Defining a worker named worker1 and of type ajp13

  worker.list=worker1

  # Set properties for worker1

  worker.worker1.type=ajp13

  worker.worker1.host=localhost

  worker.worker1.port=8009

  worker.worker1.lbfactor=50

  worker.worker1.cachesize=10

  worker.worker1.cache_timeout=600

  worker.worker1.socket_keepalive=1

  worker.worker1.socket_timeout=300

  再配置httpd.conf,作以下修改:

  将Listen 80 修改为 Listen 127.0.0.1:80

  将ServerName 修改为 ServerName LocalHost:80

  在DirectoryIndex中添加 index.jsp

  我的网页放在/var/wwwroot下,所以要修改DocumentRoot

  DocumentRoot "/var/wwwroot"

  Options Includes FollowSymLinks

  AllowOverride None

  Order deny,allow

  Allow from all

  XBitHack on

  Order deny,allow

  Deny from all

  增加关于加载mod_jk的语句:LoadModule jk_module modules/mod_jk.so

  Include /usr/local/apache2/conf/mod_jk.conf

  最后编辑Tomcat的配置文件server.xml,在HOST段中加入:

  <Context path="" docBase="/var/wwwroot" debug="0" reloadable="true" crossContext="true"/>

  在/var/wwwroot下建立一个index.jsp:

  2 + 2 =

  启动Apache和Tomcat,用浏览器访问http://localhost/,应该可以看到正确的页面了。

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